Long exposure photography is one of the best categories in the photography field and it’s become very popular for all photographers, getting a lot of coverage in landscape photography magazines and on photo sharing websites. Long exposure photography, also called time exposure photography, is a genre of photography that every so often associates with fine art photography. This method of capturing photographs involves slightly longer exposure times of the camera (shutter speed) to achieve effects like blurred ghost like people, blurred skies, star, the moon and light trails and even water.
A great photograph starts with the photographer’s basic understanding of lights and next, good (and equally creative) exposure.
In order to get these types of shots, here is a generic combination of camera settings that you can use as a rule of thumb for Long Exposure Photography:
Put your camera on a tripod and use Manual Mode and manual focus, lower the ISO number as low as it can go. Have your aperture at F8 and your shutter speed at 5 seconds. If you want to make the photo brighter, change the aperture to a smaller number (like F3.5). Adjust your shutter speed as necessary. Most DSLR cameras have a maximum of 30 seconds as the shutter speed.
There are many different light toys that create different effects. Things that have been used before include sparklers, glow sticks, flashlights, maglights, fire/torches, RGB strips, Christmas lights, illuminated cell phones, iPods, laser pens, and of course, any kind of LED.
Here we have a beautiful Long Exposure Photography examples which can help to understand the exposure in digital photography.
How to Shoot a Fireworks:
In order to achieve a good shoot, use a tripod and use a wireless remote instead of cable release (there is still vibrate if with cable) to trigger the shutter. Turn on Long Exposure Noise Reduction. Shoot the highest quality file you can, set the camera to a low ISO such as 200. Lastly a good starting point for aperture is f/11. View some sample pictures;
How to Shoot a Waterfalls:
In order to achieve this shoot use wide angle zoom lens (recommended is telephoto zoom lens), polarizing filter (recommended is 2-stop neutral density filter), tripod, wireless remote shutter release. Set the camera to Manual Mode. Use a small aperture f/22 or f/29. Use the lowest ISO speed in your camera and start with a shutter speed of a few seconds.