Night photography refers to photographs taken outdoors between end day and at night. Most of this Photographer mostly have a choice to take pictures using artificial light or using a long exposure, exposing the scene for seconds, minutes, and even hours in order to give the camera sensor enough time to capture a this image.
Taking picture at night, for me, came about from not having too much free time in the day; I would go out with all my accessories to practice my photography with some friends.
It’s a slightly difficult skill to master because the shots take longer to expose. But don’t worry because now a days we use memory card unlike before shooting on film; even you commit mistake you can still shoot different angle and different views.
Here is the good source of training;
Step 1 – Best Times & and Use of Night Photography
Night photography usually takes place any time between dusk and dawn. During this time the range of colors or lights can vary greatly which give a beautiful ambiance to your picture.
When there’s just an hint of light in the sky, take a long exposure and you can end up with some blue, evening sky when, in reality, it’s much darker outside. Try to picture as much as you can to get the desired picture that you want.
The picture below is one of the Night Photography which is taken between dusk and dawn.
Shooting at night is a great because, when it is dark enough outside, you’re effectively working with a blank wall where factors such as weather and people are much not of a problem.
A factor that may once have affected the color in your photo may now affect the contrast; taking pictures at night draws on some of the same principles of black and white photography for good results.
Night time shoot can produce unusual results and views that people aren’t used to seeing. This is especially true when it comes to the sky, using with a long exposure, you will start seeing stars you don’t realize were there.
Step 2 – How to Shoot Night Photography
First things first are, you must already know your camera. What I mean is all the features / menus and I suggest read the manuals. And you should first have a good understanding of how exposure works in your camera. If you lack this understanding, I suggest going back and reading our guide to Night Photography Fundamental.
Three factors that affect an exposure are shutter speed, aperture and ISO, and we use all of these factors differently at night when taking pictures. The first thing to do is take your camera out of Auto Mode and set it to Manual, where you will have full control over all of these settings from shutter speed, aperture and the ISO.
In low light conditions, you’ll need to change your settings accordingly by widen your aperture, slow shutter speed and/or raise your ISO settings.
One of the tips that I did when I first find a good scene that I want to capture, is to try to raise the shutter speed and take a photo of about 1 second to see what it looks like with a little bit more light that comes in my camera and experiment accordingly until I get the good picture.
I will then lower the ISO going down, as low as my camera can to make sure that I do not end up with a grainy photo, and use the extended shutter speed to capture the photo, try use the settings like ISO 100, shutter speed of 30 seconds at f/4 apperture.
Majority of your photos should have a wide aperture so that you can allow in as much light as possible in your image which will result in a shallow depth of field in some cases but I always find it much less noticeable at night as the low light takes away some of the defined settings in your camera. When shooting an image or scene and your subject goes way into the distance to a point of coming together, you will need a narrow aperture to produce a wider Depth of field.
Photo below was taken at maximum aperture of f/22 for 30 seconds shutter speed and at ISO 100. You could get away with these settings because I was relying on a bright source of light to be my subject. When shooting a scene like this, always focus about a third of the depth into the photo to create the best depth of field.